Atre's contributions to Marathi literature have been listed under Important works below. He was an outstanding humorist, and his writing style—whether he wrote humorous or serious material—was highly effective. He introduced parodistic poetry to Marathi language (under the pen name Keshav Kumār), and he did that extraordinarily well. His book, Jhenduchi Phule, contains the collection of his parodistic poems. (He wrote a poem, Shyamale, under the whimsical pen name Maulānā Allāuddin Khilji).
Atre was born in the town of Saswad (near Pune) in Maharashtra. He started his career as a teacher, and crowned his twenty-year teaching career by running for many of those years a high school as its principal with distinction. He compiled a series of Marathi language textbooks for elementary and secondary schools. Those textbooks remained in wide use in Maharashtra for a large number of years.
Atre wrote seven plays, some with a humorous theme, and others with a serious theme. All of them received high public acclaim.
Atre's two autobiographical works, Mi Kasā Jhālo and Karheche Pāni, similarly received much public acclaim.
Atre was the founder–editor of four Marathi newspapers. Two of them had a short life. But the other two, Maratha and (Weekly) Navayug, ran for many years with a large circulation.
Atre's worthy contributions in the Marathi movie world have been listed below. His movie Shyamchi Aai received an award as the Best Indian Movie of the Year in 1953, while his movie Mahatma Phule (1955) received the President's Silver Medal.
Premveer (Script writer)
Dharmveer (Script writer)
Brandichi Bātali (Script writer)
Paayaachi Daasi (Hindi: Charanon Ki Daasi). Producer.